Promoting regional languages ​​through the use of primers


Recently the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has directed all its schools to use educational material, which will focus on learning in the mother tongue and encourage multilingual education.

PRIMER means a small book to teach children to read.

related facts

  • National Education Policy, 2020 And National Curriculum Framework, 2022 In line with the recent CBSE circular, the focus has been on teaching and learning in the child's mother tongue, or regional and local languages.
  • National Council of Educational Research and Training (National Council for Educational Research and Training) And Indian Language Institute (Indian Institute of Languages) has collaborated to produce a series of 52 entry-level primers (alphabet books) tailored to the various mother tongues and local languages ​​spoken across the country.
  • CBSE has said that these primers should be used to help students learn and master language skills early, if their mother tongue or local language is not available as a medium of instruction in schools.

52 Primers Initiative

  • 52 Primers or mini textbooks in Indian languages ​​can be a transformative step for young learners, especially in Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE), providing them access to education in their mother tongue/local language. Will provide.
  • This Developed by the Department of School Education and Literacy (DoSEL) in pursuance of the National Education Policy, 2020.
  • features
    • This will create a basic reader in the local language.
    • It introduces children in kindergartens and anganwadis to numbers.
    • It promotes adult literacy programs.
    • It helps in pronunciation and understanding of the alphabetic letters and symbols of a language.
    • It helps to introduce children to the meaning of one or more sets of letters formed through their combination in initial, middle and final positions in a word.
  • Usefulness and importance
    • It will provide an inspiring opportunity for young minds, leading to deeper understanding, lifelong learning, greater exposure to indigenous culture and success in academics and beyond.
    • Will help overcome the challenges of multilingual teaching As- Availability of skilled teachers for teaching in local languages.
      • These primers will help in teaching children in the age group of three to eight years in their local language at a basic level.
    • Bhutia, Bodo, Garo, Khandeshi, Kinnauri, Kuki, Manipuri, Nepali, Sherpa and Tulu are some of the languages ​​for which primers are available.

Importance of regional language

  • To preserve cultural heritage: Regional languages ​​incorporate traditions, folklore and age-old knowledge, thereby promoting connection with cultural heritage.
  • Nurturing young minds through linguistic diversity
    • Impact on Cognitive Development: Multilingualism enhances cognitive development, challenges the brain, and promotes problem-solving skills and creativity.
    • Overall Intellectual Toolkit: Language learning provides a holistic intellectual toolkit, encompassing cognitive flexibility beyond language proficiency.
  • To promote a sense of belonging: Language promotes belonging by creating a shared space where students feel accepted and valued.
  • Embracing Cultural Diversity in Education: Emphasizing regional languages ​​in education connects students to diverse cultures and preserves traditions.
  • Impact of New Education Policy 2020: The implementation of the New Education Policy 2020 in India promotes education in regional languages ​​to preserve cultural heritage and enhance cognitive understanding.

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