The Delhi High Court has ordered state authorities to take action against the use of oxytocin on cattle in Delhi dairies.

related facts

  • Petition against dairies: The court passed the order in connection with a petition which had appealed to the authorities to check dairies in the capital.
  • Excessive use of oxytocin: In March 2023, the Delhi High Court had appointed a Court Commissioner to inspect nine dairy colonies of the capital and the Court Commissioner has informed about the 'large scale use' of oxytocin.
    • The Court Commissioner has said that the condition of all the nine designated dairy colonies of Delhi is bad.

Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960

(Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act- PCA)

  • This is the primary law criminalizing various types of cruelty towards animals, through which animals are prevented from suffering unnecessary pain or suffering.

  • Cruelty to animals: The use of oxytocin comes under animal cruelty and is prohibited under the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960. Cognizable offense under section 12 Is.
  • Weekly Inspection and Legal Action: High Court against Delhi Government drug control department It has been said to conduct weekly inspections and record hormone related cases.
  • Source information: The High Court has ordered Delhi Police to identify the sources of production, packaging and distribution of oxytocin and take action as per law.


  • Introduction: This 'Love Hormone' Also known as the (Love Hormone), oxytocin is a hormone of mammals. sexual intercourse, childbirth, breastfeeding or social bonding by the pituitary glands Is secreted during.
    • It is manufactured and sold chemically by pharmaceutical companies, which is used during childbirth. It is given to the human body in the form of liquid through injection or nose.
  • Role: Oxytocin plays an important role in the reproductive system of both men and women. It is helpful in the process of labor and child birth and in the secretion of milk from the breast after birth.
    • it's in the brain chemical messenger It also works as a chemical messenger and plays an important role in important elements of human behavior like Social recognition, relationship building and long-term emotional attachment Affects.
  • Significance: There is a risk of excessive bleeding from the womb of women during childbirth, which is also a common cause of death of mothers. To avoid this, oxytocin is used.
    • According to the data of India Sample Registration Scheme survey between the years 2001 and 2003, the total number of deaths of mothers after delivery Death toll due to bleeding 38 percent Was.
  • related concerns
    • Abuse of Oxytocin: It is being used illegally to increase milk production in dairy animals, which is responsible for producing milk through painful procedures in the animals and its long-term use can lead to serious health problems. animals can become sterile Are.
    • Effects on Health: It is used extensively on dairy cattle to increase production, due to which the health of the cattle and those who consume the milk of these cattle are affected. Negative impact on human health as well and health related challenges arise.
      • Milk secreted through oxytocin may contain chemical residues, potentially posing a significant health problem to human consumers.

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