Global Food Crisis – Careers Ready

food security

  • World Food Summit of the year 1996: It defined food security as 'when all people, at all times, have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food that meets their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life' “.
  • Dimensions
    • Availability: It refers to the presence of food grains within a country, including food produced domestically, imports and stocks stored in government granaries.
    • Accessibility: This ensures that food is accessible to everyone without discrimination and everyone has the opportunity to get the food they need.
    • Strength: This means having enough financial resources to purchase sufficient, safe, and nutritious food to meet one's dietary needs.
  • need and importance
    • To achieve the Sustainable Development Goals: Food security drives sustainable development by achieving one of its main goals (Goal 2 – Zero Hunger) and supporting other related goals such as poverty reduction, good health, gender equality and environmental sustainability.
    • Other: Food security is essential for good health and nutrition, economic and social stability, environmental sustainability, national security, human dignity and equality and other factors.
  • India's initiative
    • Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana
    • Eat Right India Movement
    • nutrition campaign
    • Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana
    • food fortification
    • National Food Security Act, 2013
    • One Nation One Ration Card
    • Self-reliant India Employment Scheme
    • Prime Minister Kisan Samman Nidhi
    • Intensified Mission Indradhanush 3.0 Scheme

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