'Foot Rot' Disease/'Bakane' Disease – Careers Ready


recently Punjab Agricultural University (PAU), Ludhiana Rice To combat 'Foot Rot' disease in Basmati varieties of 'Biocontrol Agent' “Trichoderma Asperellum” have developed.

'foot rot' disease

  • This Bakane disease Also known as.
  • it 'Fusarium Verticillioides' Caused by a fungus, which is a soil-seed borne pathogens which through the plant's root spreads infection and ultimately to the base of the stem Affects.
  • this especially Basmati rice crop in germinated stage Affects, although in case of transplanting infected plants This infection after transplant Can also cause.
  • symptoms: Infected plants first turn pale yellow, then become stunted and dry and eventually (usually) ends Are.

Preventive Management Strategies to Control 'Foot Rot' Disease

  • To prevent the spread of disease, farmers adopt the following measures-
    • initial germinated seed treatment,
    • Trying to use disease free seeds, And
    • Destroy infected plants.
  • timely seed nursery management
    • in the first half of June Sow seeds and transplant in July.
    • sowing in may There are often problems in doing so, because the temperature of this month is favorable for the disease.
  • Well drained field: The fields where nurseries are being established should be well drained with proper irrigation to avoid the spread of 'foot rot' disease.
  • current practices
    • before sowing and transplanting seeds To 'Trichoderma harzianum' Is treated with.
    • seeds before sowing 'Sprint 75 WS' (Carbendazim + Mancozeb) As from fungicides is also treated.
      • but this chemical treatment are, which harmful to soil are and Toxic to rice consumers Can happen.

Importance of new biocontrol agent 'Trichoderma asperellum'

  • This is rice Agricultural technology This is an important development that will offer a more sustainable strategy, providing a non-chemical alternative to traditional pesticides.
  • This change is for food security Ensuring safe rice production in line with global standards Does.
  • it reduce environmental damage doing to aid in disease management Will help.

basmati rice

  • Basmati rice is a long grain aromatic rice, which is known for its Long thin grains, fluffy structure, superior aroma and distinct taste Known for.
  • Varieties of Basmati Rice: Under Seed Act, 1966 about 34 varieties Has been recognized.
  • agricultural sector: Only Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Delhi, Uttarakhand and Western Uttar Pradesh Cultivation is allowed in.
    • It is a registered GI (Geographical Indication) product.
  • Largest producer and exporter: India is the top exporter, About 70% of global production.

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