fentanyl synthetic opioid


US Secretary of State during his three-day visit to China 'Synthetic Opioid Precursor' (Synthetic Opioid Precursors) specifically discussed the production and export of fentanyl.

  • Fentanyl synthetic opioid use Americans aged 18 to 49 It is being done mainly by, which is harmful.

Danger of opioids in India

  • According to the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, the number of opioid users in India is 23 million in the year 2018 Which shows a remarkable increase of 600 percent since 2004, which is worrying.
  • in India Number of people consuming ganja is 31 million Was.
  • Heroin, medicinal opioids and opium The most commonly abused opioids in India are.


  • Introduction: This is a class of 'drugs' that are derived from natural substances found in the opium plant.
    • Oxycodone, Morphine, Codeine, Heroin and Fentanyl etc. Available as generic opioids.
  • Side effects: According to the US Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), consumers can become addicted to these substances. such substances increase excitement and reduce pain Like it has many types of effects.

Fentanyl Synthetic Opioids

  • Introduction: Fentanyl is a powerful synthetic opioid is, which analgesic to use as Food and Drug Administration Has been approved by.
    • Analgesic Refers to medicines used in pain relief.
  • Effect: As an analgesic it Almost 100 times more effective than morphine And is 50 times more effective than heroin.
    • due to overconsumption 'Fainting/Stupor, change in pupil size, clammy skin, cyanosis or blue skin, coma and obstruction in respiratory process etc. Symptoms appear.
  • The opioid's effect is immediate, resulting in the need for regular use. opioid-based painkillers People who use it regularly usually develop its habit.

'Opioid' epidemic in the United States

  • Reason: There has been an increase in deaths related to synthetic opioids in the US since 2013, mainly due to illicitly manufactured opioids.Fentanyl analogs' such as acetyl fentanyl and carfentanil and fentanyl There was rapid spread of.

    • A report from the US committee found that cheap fentanyl is increasingly being laced with other drugs, which buyers are generally not aware of.
  • China's role in the opioid epidemic: America mainly for fentanyl smuggling Mexico and China Has been declared guilty.
    • According to DEA Intelligence Report 2020, through international mail and express consignment operations Trafficking in Fentanyl and Fentanyl-Related Substances from China Was being done.
    • Many Chinese companies in Wuhan and Shanghai city synthetic opioid Involved in the production of chemicals used in manufacturing.
    • The Chinese-made chemicals are sent in the form of small tablets to Mexico, from where it reaches the US illegally.
    • China to its companies Tax exemption on fentanyl production gives.

Efforts to deal with the problem of fentanyl

  • Regulation of production and export of fentanyl: In the year 2019, China had announced that Fentanyl-related substances on the list of controlled narcotic drugs Will be included.
  • US-China cooperation: In November 2023, bilateral to address the misuse of other chemicals in addition to coordinating law enforcement actions anti-narcotics working group (Counternarcotics Working Group) was announced.
  • Fentanyl related laws: America recently 'Illegal fentanyl traffickers in Mexico and producers of other chemicals related to its production in China' Fentanyl Act has been passed to deal with it.

Challenges in dealing with the problem of fentanyl

  • Fentanyl production as a source of employment: Many US states view fentanyl production as an employment opportunity.
    • Illegal manufacturers usually make slight changes to the chemical structure of their chemicals to avoid detection by law enforcement agencies.
  • Allegations against US pharmaceutical companies in opioid problem: Many companies are seriously accused of distributing these drugs to consumers, contributing to their addiction, etc.

The post Fentanyl Synthetic Opioid appeared first on Careers Ready.

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